# CAT2019-1: 71

1 vote
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Corners are cut off from an equilateral triangle T to produce a regular hexagon H. Then, the ratio of the area of H to the area of T is

1. $5:6$
2. $4:5$
3. $3:4$
4. $2:3$

edited

364 points 1 1 4

Given that, corners are cut from an equilateral triangle to produce a regular convex hexagon. The smaller triangles cut are equilateral triangles (If we cut off corners to create a regular hexagon, then each angle of the hexagon is $120^{\circ}$, and so each angle of every removed triangle is $60^{\circ}$ making these triangles equilateral)

Let the original triangle side be $3a.$

The area of regular convex hexagon $H = \frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2}s^{2},$ the area of equilateral triangle $T= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}s^{2},$ where $s$ is the side length.

Now, $H_{1} = \frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2}a^{2},T_{1} = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}(3a)^{2} = \frac{9\sqrt{3}}{4}a^{2}$

The required ratio $= \dfrac{H_{1}}{T_{1}} = \dfrac{\frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2}a^{2}}{\frac{9\sqrt{3}}{4}a^{2}} = \frac{2}{3}.$

$\therefore$ The ratio of the area of the regular convex hexagon to the area of the original equilateral triangle is $2:3.$

So, the correct answer is $(D).$

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